Jun 30, 2021
Synaxis of the Holy, Glorious and All-Praised Twelve Apostles
Commemorated on June 30
The Synaxis of the Glorious and All-Praiseworthy Twelve Apostles of Christ appears to be an ancient Feast. The Church honours each of the Twelve Apostles on separate dates during the year, and has established a general commemoration for all of them on the day after the commemoration of the Glorious and First-Ranked among the Apostles Peter and Paul.
The holy God-crowned Emperor Constantine the Great (May 21) built a church in Constantinople in honor of the Twelve Apostles. There are instructions for celebrating this Feast which date from the fourth century. For lists of the Apostles' names, see: Mt.10:2, Mark 3:14, Luke 6:12, Acts 1:13, 26.
The holy, glorious, Apostle Andrew the First-called is also commemorated on November 30. He was the brother of Saint Peter (June 29).
The holy, glorious, Apostle James is also commemorated on April 30. He and his brother John are the sons of Zebedee, and were called “sons of Thunder” (Mark 3: 17).
The holy, glorious, Apostle and Evangelist, virgin, and beloved friend of Christ, John the Theologian is also commemorated on September 26 and May 8. He and his brother James are the sons of Zebedee, and were called “sons of Thunder” (Mark 3:17).
The holy, glorious, Apostle Philip is also commemorated on November 14.
The holy, glorious, Apostle Bartholomew is also commemorated on June 11 and August 25.
The holy, glorious, Apostle Thomas is also commemorated on October 6 and on the Sunday after Pascha.
The holy, glorious, Apostle and Evangelist Matthew is also commemorated on November 16.
The holy, glorious, Apostle James, the son of Alphaeus, is also commemorated on October 9.
The holy, glorious, Apostle Jude is also commemorated on June 19. He is also known as Thaddeus (but should not be confused with Saint Thaddeus of the Seventy, who is commemorated on August 21), and was the brother of Saint James (October 23).
The holy, glorious, Apostle Simon the Zealot is also commemorated on May 10.
The holy, glorious, Apostle Matthias is also commemorated on August 9.
Let us also recall how each of these, the most holy and selfless men in the history of the world, ended his earthly life:
—Peter was crucified upside down.
—Andrew was crucified.
—James the Son of Zebedee was beheaded.
—John the Theologian reposed in a miraculous manner.
—Philip was crucified.
—Bartholomew was crucified, flayed and beheaded.
—Thomas was pierced with five spears.
—Matthew the Evangelist was burned alive.
—James the son of Alphaeus was crucified.
—Thaddaeus or Jude the Brother of James was crucified.
—Simon the Zealot was crucified.
—Matthias was stoned and then beheaded after death.
—Paul was beheaded.
O Holy Apostles, intercede to our merciful God, that He may grant our souls forgiveness of sins.